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English College Portal/Faculty of Science and Arts in Farasan
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  Al-Arddi

Al-Arddi is located exactly in the south part of Farasan Island behind the building of the Princedom of Farasan province. It is a circular or rectangular shape built on a circular area.   These camps are one of the signs of the presence of the Ottomans in the island during the Ottoman era. However, the area didn’t receive any attention to its historical value compared to the Ottoman castle. As a result, no precautions have been established to keep it safe from external threats.  


Ottoman castle:

 Ottoman castle is one of the historic and symbolic buildings on the island of Farasan. It is located in the north of the Farasan that is between Farasan and Al-Messelia village. It has a strategic position as it overlooks the pan town of Farasan. It is built of stone and plaster (Alonhidraat) which are available all over Farasan. The ceiling is made of palm and railway steel columns. There are a number of buildings with circular or rectangular shape located in the south of the town of Farasan in the area called (Al-Arddi) which had been used by the Ottomans soldiers as a military campus.


It is known that the Farasan embraces  monuments and magnificent buildings and perhaps the most spectacular in terms of design and the beauty of their carvings,  is a pearl merchant house called Ahmed Munawar Rifai (May Allah bless his soul) , which is a real masterpiece in the field of ancient architecture. It reflects the richness and luxury of Farasan during the flourishing time of the pearl trade. Rifai house has a typical a replica model exists in Riyadh. The copy is basically designed to draw attention to Ganadria’s visitors about one of the historical and ancient architecture of the kingdom.


 Loqman Castle


Luqman Castle or Lukman Mountain as the inhabitants prefer to call is located in the left of the road leading to the village of Al Muharrag. It is a cliff which contains a group of rocks almost in square of shapes. It is claimed that it is a remaining and the ruins of an old castle but unfortunately nothing is known about that. 


Alkdma: -
This archaeological area is located in the village of Al-Kassar which is about dilapidated buildings with large stones mainly dominated by engineering style represented in squares and rectangles shapes.  The remnants stones are very much like Roman columns. Some of these stones may not devoid of ancient writings with Al-Mussnad script.



Jermal House:


It is a building which located on the coast of the island of Kammah. Some said that Germans had built it for the purpose of keeping their weapons and ammunition as well as providing ultimate protection for their ships roaming in the Red Sea during the First World War. The building had left unfinished due to the end of the war in 1918. Many of its columns have collapsed as a result of erosion factors. The building is about 107 meters long and about 34 meters wide.

Rain Valley:

 
Located in the south of the town of Farasan and just nine kilometers in an area known as  (Valley of rain), there are some ruins of large rocks, with written scripts on them. Some experts from the Department of Archaeology at the Ministry of Knowledge state that the language used in writing could be A-Hamiria language which is dated back to pre-Islamic era.  People are still wondering about the huge rock used in the building. Nothing is known about the places where they came from and how they brought into the area.


Najdi Mosque:


Najdi Mosque is one of the ancient mosques in Farasan Island. The mosque was built by the pearl merchant Ibrahim al-Tamimi in 1347. (May Allah bless his soul). The most important characteristic of this mosque is the Islamic inscriptions and decorations, which are very similar to those found in the Alhambra Mosque.

Green buildings:


In Greene area the size of each rock is about 2.5 x 1.5 meters or more. Elsewhere named (Balgaria) there are similar archeological features of these stones. The well-known types of these stones are which used to build beds. Teacher Ibrahim Abdul Fatah says these forms of stones are all exist in the areas of the rain valley, Alkdma at Al-Gassar village, Logman castle and Greene. The historical features of these places pose a critical question which remains unanswered for a quiet period of time.  Some experts from the Department of Archaeology, Ministry of Education had studied the inscriptions on the rock and claimed that they dated back to the ages before Islam.